Mumbai: Today is the 22nd day of September. Today there were some events that happened in the country and around the world that we should be aware of. The proposal for the establishment of the East India Company (East India Company), which pushed India into the abyss of British slavery, was presented on this very day, 22 September. Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, also passed away on this day.
1599- Proposal for establishment of East India Company to rule India
East India Company (East India Company) entered India for the purpose of trade and captured Indian power based on imperialist policy. The East India Company was established in Britain to trade spices and other things with India. The date 22nd September is very important in the history of this company. On 22 September 1599, a meeting of major traders in London was held at Founder’s Hall and it was proposed to establish the East India Company to trade with India. This is considered as the first step towards establishing a company. Later in 1600 the East India Company was established.
1539- Death of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism
Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism and the first Guru of Sikhism, died on 22 September 1539. He died in Kartarpur, which is currently in Pakistan. This place is very sacred for the Sikh community and is now known as Dera Baba Nanak.
1792- Republic of France founded
On this day in 1792, the National Convention declared the end of the French monarchy and the establishment of a republic. The National Convention, in power from 1792 to 1795, saved France from disintegration and kept it united. On September 21, 1792, citizens voted to end the monarchy. The very next day, the end of the monarchy was announced. In France, the common people had to pay taxes for the luxurious lifestyle of the royalty and feudal lords. However, they do not want to get facilities to that extent. There was popular resentment against the monarchy in France and it culminated in a political revolution in France.
1903- Italo Marchionni patents for ice cream cones
Ice cream is a favorite food of people of all ages around the world. This ice cream is available in different varieties. Among them, the angle type is more popular. Kona’s patent for the same ice cream was granted on September 22, 1903 by Etola Morchioni of America.
1949- Russia tests the first atomic bomb
After the Second World War, two superpowers, America (US) and Russia (Russia) emerged in the world and the world was divided into two groups. Capitalist countries led by America and communist countries led by Russia. The rivalry between these two countries started at all levels and the Cold War erupted. The competition between these two countries also started in terms of arms. Russia tested its first atomic bomb on September 22, 1949.
1955: Commercialization of television begins in Britain, with six-minute commercials
The commercialization of television in Britain began on 22 September 1955. This allowed six minutes of advertising to be aired every hour. However, these advertisements could not be displayed on Sunday morning.
1965- Indo-Pakistan ceasefire declared
The first war was fought between India and Pakistan (India-Pakistan War) in 1965. India defeated Pakistan in this war. Later, the United Nations intervened and announced a ceasefire on 22 September 1965.
1988- Publication of National Geographic Magazine
The National Geographic Magazine of the National Geographic Society was launched on this day, September 22, 1988. The magazine was founded nine months after the founding of the National Geographic Society. This magazine mainly covers science, geography, history and world culture. It is one of the most prestigious magazines in the world. It is especially famous for its colorful and attractive photos.
2011- Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi passed away
Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi was an Indian cricketer and Nawab of Pataudi. He was married to Bollywood actress Sharmila Tagore in the year 1969. He became the captain of the Indian cricket team only at the age of 21. He was popularly known as Tiger Pataudi. He died on 22 September 2011 due to lung disease.